Seplat Energy Plc FY 2021 Result: Earnings Rise, as Debt Equally Grows – First Ideas Limited

Seplat Energy Plc FY 2021 Result: Earnings Rise, as Debt Equally Grows

Nigeria’s upstream energy company, Seplat Energy Plc (NGX: Seplat and LSE: SEPL), achieved a 2021 performance that mirrored the rebound of the oil and gas sector. Analysts note the rise in oil and natural gas prices throughout the year. The 2021 performance contrasted Whereas the company recorded losses in its bottom-line figures in 2020, it enjoyed a positive run in both top and bottom-line figures in 2021.Essentially, Seplat’s total revenue increased by +53.80% Y-o-Y while cash generated from operations rose by +33.14% Y-o-Y as price increases outweigh production shortfalls.

The company’s operations produced 47,693 barrels of oil equivalent per day (boepd) on a working interest basis in 2021, down from 51,183 boepd in 2020, mainly resulting from shut-ins in Forcados oil terminal. However, the realized average price per barrel came in higher for the period at $70.54 based on the recovery of benchmark crude prices from the pandemic year low and the return of global economic activity from the Covid-19 restrictions.

Key Highlights

  • Seplat’s revenue increased by +53.80% Y-o-Y from N190.92bn in 2020 to N293.63bn in 2021.
  • The company’s cost of sales (CoS) increased by +22.81% Y-on-Y from N146.09bn in 2020 to N179.41bn in 2021.
  • Gross profit increased by +154.73% Y-o-Y from N44.84bn in 2020 to N114.22bn in 2021.
  • Operating profit rose by +979.16% Y-o-Y from a loss of N11.42bn in 2020 to N100.40bn in 2021.
  • Finance cost dipped by +78.33% Y-o-Y from N0.13bn in 2020 to N0.60bn in 2021.
  • Finance income increased by +63.56% Y-o-Y from N18.66bn in 2020 to N30.52bn in 2021.
  • Profit before tax (PBT) increased by +346.03% Y-o-Y from a loss of N28.87bn in 2020 to a profit of N71.03bn in 2021.
  • The company’s income tax expenses grew by +1209.62% Y-o-Y from N1.84bn in 2020 to N24.10bn in 2021.
  • Profit for the year (PAT) increased by +252.82% from a loss of N30.71bn in 2020 to N46.93bn in 2021.
  • Total assets grew by +22.33% Y-o-Y from N1,310.80bn in 2020 to N1,603.50bn in 2021.
  • Total shareholders’ equity increased by +11.23% Y-o-Y from N632.34bn in 2020 to N703.36bn in 2021.
  • Earnings per share increased by +310.32% Y-o-Y from a loss per share of N46.42 in 2020 to N97.63 per share in 2021.

Share Price Heads Up

The year-to-date (YTD) share price increased steadily in 2021. The price steadied throughout the second half of the year as it equally pushed upwards in January 2022. The company’s share price rose by 61.57% in 2021 and increased by 43.48% as of March 11, 2022.

The share price had a high and positive correlation with the NGX Oil and Gas Index at 0.95 in the year under review. But it outperformed the industry average with an average margin of about N347 (see chart 1 below).

Chart 1Seplat Share Price Movement Vs NGX Oil and Gas Index

*Share price and NXG oil and gas index as of March 11 2022

Source: NGX

Revenue and Profit Synopsis

The company’s revenue increased by +53.80% Y-on-Y to N293.63bn in 2021 (see chart 2 below).


Chart 2: Seplat Total Revenue 2015-2021 (N’bn)

Source: Seplat Financial Statement

A revenue breakdown showed the company recorded an increase in its revenue lines. Crude oil contributed 84.34% to revenue, higher than 78.79% in 2020, while gas sales revenue contributed 15.66% to total revenue in the year under review.

Sales revenue for crude oil and gas increased while crude oil sales volumes declined and gas sales volume increased. Crude oil sales revenue increased by +64.64% Y-on-Y from N150.42bn in 2020 to N247.65bn in 2021. The higher crude oil revenue was primarily driven by the higher average oil prices at $70.54 per barrel than $39.95 per barrel realized in 2020. The lower-than-expected crude oil sales volume for the year was due to the force majeure on export operations from OMLs 4, 38, 41, and 40 after Shell Petroleum Development Company Limited (SPDC) declared a month-long force majeure at the Forcados Oil Terminal (FOT) because of a failure of the loading at the terminal.

Gas sales revenue increased mildly by +13.53% Y-on-Y from N40.50bn in 2020 to N45.98bn in 2021. The higher gas sales revenue was supported by an increase in gas sales volumes from 37.1Bscf in 2020 to 39.4Bscf in 2021 but capped by a lower average natural gas price which came in lower at $2.85 per Mscf.

Denominated in US dollar, revenue for the year also increased by +38.2% Y-o-Y from $530.5mn in 2020 to $733.2mn in 2021. The company used the CBN’s official rate to translate the currency. The depreciation of the domestic currency majorly drove the relatively lower revenue in US dollar terms.

Before taxation (PBT), the company’s profit rose significantly by +346.03% Y-on-Y from a loss of N28.87bn recorded in 2020 to N71.03bn in 2021. The higher PBT was buoyed by a substantial increase in operating profit, driven mainly by lower impairment charges than the higher impairment charges in 2020 (see chart 3 below).


Chart 3: Seplat Profit Before Taxation 2015-2021 (N’bn)

Source: Seplat Financial Statement


Operating profit increased substantially by +979.16% from an operating loss of N11.42bn in 2020 to N100.40bn in 2021.


PBT rose by 321.1% in US dollar terms, and operating profit rose by 890.9%.

Activity Ratios Remain Modest

Seplat’s current ratio grew by +11.02% Y-on-Y from 1.27 in 2020 to 1.41 in 2021. The current ratio of 1.41 in 2021 reveals the company maintained a reasonable working capital that allowed it to remain solvent in the period under review (see chart 4 below). 

Chart 4Seplat Current Ratio 2015-2021

Source: Seplat Financial Statement


Seplat’s acid-test ratio in 2021 increased more than double to 1.25 from 0.29 recorded in the previous year. However, although the company could reduce its current liabilities, its stock of inventories rose (see chart 5 below). 

Chart 5Seplat Acid-Test Ratio 2015-2021

Source: Seplat Financial Statement, Proshare Research

The company’s leverage ratio increased from 41.97% in 2020 to 44.90% in 2021 (see chart 6 below). Essentially, the company allocated about 45% of its cash flow in the year to pay off debts. A breakdown of the ratio shows that the company’s total debt rose by +18.99% Y-o-Y in 2021, while shareholders’ equity grew slightly lower by +11.23% in the same period.

Chart 6Seplat Leverage Ratio 2015-2021 (%)

Source: Seplat Financial Statement

Kicking Efficiency Upstairs

Seplat’s asset turnover ratio rose by four basis points from 0.16 in 2020 to 0.20 in 2021. The company’s asset efficiency has fluctuated over the past seven years (see chart 7 below). The asset turnover of 0.20 indicated that for every N1m the company invested in its asset, it generated revenue of N200,000, a number analysts consider low. The low asset turnover underscores the need for the company to strengthen its asset efficiency ratio, which has averaged 0.20 over the last seven years.


Chart 7Seplat Asset Turnover Ratio 2015-2021 (%)

Source: Seplat Financial Statement

Working capital turnover ratio, a measure of efficiency in generating sales per working capital employed, shows that the company recorded its highest turnover ratio in 2021 at 4.56 over the past seven years (see chart 8 below).


Chart 8: Seplat Working Capital Turnover Ratio 2015-2021 (%)

Source: Seplat Financial Statement

The higher working capital turnover in 2021 suggests that the company generated significant sales from its working capital as every N1 in working capital caused sales worth N4.56.

An Eye on 2022

Seplat’s 2021 result met analysts’ performance and share price forecast. Analysts had expected improved performance in the company’s full-year 2021 results and an increase in share price on the back of increased gas sales and oil flows through the Amukpe-Escravos Pipeline (AEP).

Analysts expect the company to maintain the positive run in 2022 buoyed by an increase in capital investment, soaring crude oil and natural gas prices, and the company’s hedging policy. The company’s dominance in the upstream industry gives it a vantage position to build its profitability and book value in 2022.

With crude oil prices currently above $100 per barrel compared with the realized average oil price of $70 per barrel in 2021, the price gain would more than offset any potential decline in production volume as it did in 2021. Meanwhile, the company’s heavy investment in boosting gas production and probable acquisition of the IOCs’ stakes in the country could more than support the company sales volume in 2022.

Albeit, the positive outlook for the company in 2022 would be subject to the operational implementation of the Petroleum Industry Act (PIA) 2021 and the effectiveness of the gas expansion programmes of the government. The ability of the company to underwrite assets of the IOCs would also be subject to the internal policy and politics of the state-owned oil company-NNPC limited, which holds a joint venture stake in most IOCs’ assets in the country.

About the Author

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First Ideas Limited is an investment and financial advisory company established in 1994 to provide advisory services to high net worth individuals, trust funds, financial institutions and medium sized companies in growth sectors.

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